Plant 2.4 m (8′) apart.
For each vine, dig a hole 30.5 cm (12″) deep by 30.5 cm wide.
Prefers deep, loamy, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. Should be sheltered from winter winds. A south-facing slope is best.
Black rot, downy and powdery mildew, Japanese beetle, leaf hopper, mealy bugs.
Plant dormant, bare-root grape vines in the early spring.
Needs a support system, training, regular pruning.