Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum
Space plants every 15 cm (6″); 30-45 cm (12-18″) between rows.
6-12 mm (¼-½”)
Best in full sun, in moist, well-drained soil. pH around 6-7.
Seeds will sprout in 7-10 days.
Can be bothered by slugs and aphids. Hand pick and destroy slugs regularly. Spray aphids off with a blast of water.
Start indoors 4 weeks before last frost, plant out 1 week after frost. For fall harvest, transplant 10 weeks before first frost, without additional protection. Harden off outside and reduce water 2-3 days before planting out after last frost. Direct sow outside after last frost. Start every three weeks for continued bulb harvest.
An easy-care vegetable, but keep soil moist. Water during dry spells and mulch. Keep away from dill, as fennel crosses easily with dill, and the results are poor.