Peanuts are a legume which grow on and under ground. They can easily be harvested and eaten boiled, roasted or raw, and can be propagated for each harvest cycle. In Quebec, they can be grown in the ground outside as an annual, and once harvested, new seeds can be started in pots indoors.
Peanuts need a rich soil with good drainage. The water must be moist, but not soaking. Give it organic ertilizer once every 2 weeks. Peanut plants are sturdy and fast growing. They don’t require any support, and will self-pollinate.
Harvest and Propagation
Peanut growth cycle from planting to harvest should take about 4 to 5 months. They will start to grow into a seedling after only 10 days, which can grow to about 18 inches tall. After about 40 days, little yellow flowers should emerge on the lower half of the plant. Peanut ‘pegs’ will then grow and reach into the ground, and peanuts will form from this. Each plant can produce some 40 peanut pods.
Raw harvested peanuts will keep for a few months if stored in a cloth or mesh bag in a cool, well-ventilated place. Roasted peanuts should be stored in air-tight containers.